Why Organic

ORGANIC FARMING

Organic Farming Has Mushroomed Drastically In Importance And Influence Worldwide From Its Modest Beginnings In The First Half Of The Last Century. Organic Farming Is Production Of Food And Livestock Without The Use Of Herbicides, Pesticides, Weedicides, Fertilizers Or Genetically Modified Organism And Use Natural Resources Such As Manure And Compost Instead. In Other Words, It Is A Production System Which Maintains The Quality Of Soil Ecosystem As Well As Human Beings. The Chemicals Were Not Used For Farming Before World War 2. A Number Of Munitions Used In Farming Have Contributed To Field Of Agriculture. For Instance, Ammonium Nitrate Used As Ammonium Nitrate Fertilizer.

The Philosophy Of Agriculture To Live Harmony With Nature Is Deeply Rooted In Ancient Agriculture And Still Practiced In India, China And The Andes. Organic Agriculture Reflects This Philosophy, But The Recent History Of Concepts Such As Organic, Bio Dynamic, Natural Farming And Other Related Concepts, Can Be Traced Back To Early In The 20th Century. Conventional Agriculture Differ From Organic Farming In Terms Of Usage Of Chemical Fertilizers Which Increase The Nutrient Of The Soil, Usage Of Genetically Modified Seeds For Better Crop Production.

REDUCED POLLUTION

Organic Farming Has Environmental Benefits That Reduce Pollution. “The Environmental Benefits Attributable To Reduced Chemical Inputs, Less Soil Erosion, Water Conservation, And Improved Soil Organic Matter And Biodiversity Were Consistently Greater In The Organic Systems Than In The Conventional Systems” (Pimentel, Hepperly, Hanson, Douds, & Seidel, 2005, P 579). Organic Farming Focuses On Enriching The Soil With Natural Additives. Because Of The Healthier Soil, Organic Farming Reduces Runoff And Therefore Creates A Lower Risk Of Polluting Waterways. The Absence Of Harmful Pesticide And Fertilizer Sprays Result In A Cleaner Atmosphere.

LOWER ENERGY USE

Another Environmental Benefit Of Organic Farming Is The Reduction Of Energy Use. Some Popular Crops Such As Corn Require Nitrogen Rich Soil Which Is A High Energy Use Product If Farmed In Conventional Ways. Conventional Farming Achieves This By Heavily Spraying With Nitrogen Rich Fertilizers. Energy Calculations Begin With The Manufacture And Transportation Of These Products. In Addition, The Use Of Equipment For Repeated Applications Of The Less Effective Fertilizer Result In An Overall Higher Energy Need Than That Of Organic Farming. Organic Farming Achieves The Nitrogen Rich Soil, Instead, By Using Composted Manure And The Use Of Cover Crops.

WHY ORGANIC FARMING

The Population Of The Planet Is Skyrocketing And Providing Food For The World Is Becoming Extremely Difficult. The Need Of The Hour Is Sustainable Cultivation And Production Of Food For All. The Green Revolution And Its Chemical Based Technology Are Losing Its Appeal As Dividends Are Falling And Returns Are Unsustainable. Pollution And Climate Change Are Other Negative Externalities Caused By Use Of Fossil Fuel Based Chemicals.

In Spite Of Our Diet Choices, Organic Food Is The Best Choice You’ll Ever Make, And This Means Embracing Organic Farming Methods. Here Are The Reasons Why We Need To Take Up Organic Farming Methods:

  • To Accrue The Benefits Of Nutrients
  • Stay Away From Gmos
  • Natural And Better Taste
  • Direct Support To Farming
  • To Conserve Agricultural Diversity
  • To Prevent Antibiotics, Drugs, And Hormones In Animal Products

KEY FEATURES OF ORGANIC FARMING

  • Protecting Soil Quality Using Organic Material And Encouraging Biological Activity
  • Indirect Provision Of Crop Nutrients Using Soil Microorganisms
  • Nitrogen Fixation In Soils Using Legumes
  • Weed And Pest Control Based On Methods Like Crop Rotation, Biological Diversity, Natural Predators, Organic Manures And Suitable Chemical, Thermal And Biological Intervention
  • Rearing Of Livestock, Taking Care Of Housing, Nutrition, Health, Rearing And Breeding
  • Care For The Larger Environment And Conservation Of Natural Habitats And Wildlife

FOUR PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIC FARMING

Principle Of Health: Organic Agriculture Must Contribute To The Health And Well Being Of Soil, Plants, Animals, Humans And The Earth. It Is The Sustenance Of Mental, Physical, Ecological And Social Well Being. For Instance, It Provides Pollution And Chemical Free, Nutritious Food Items For Humans.

Principle Of Fairness: Fairness Is Evident In Maintaining Equity And Justice Of The Shared Planet Both Among Humans And Other Living Beings. Organic Farming Provides Good Quality Of Life And Helps In Reducing Poverty. Natural Resources Must Be Judiciously Used And Preserved For Future Generations.

Principle Of Ecological Balance: Organic Farming Must Be Modeled On Living Ecological Systems. Organic Farming Methods Must Fit The Ecological Balances And Cycles In Nature.

Principle Of Care: Organic Agriculture Should Be Practiced In A Careful And Responsible Manner To Benefit The Present And Future Generations And The Environment.

As Opposed To Modern And Conventional Agricultural Methods, Organic Farming Does Not Depend On Synthetic Chemicals. It Utilizes Natural, Biological Methods To Build Up Soil Fertility Such As Microbial Activity Boosting Plant Nutrition.

Secondly, Multiple Cropping Practiced In Organic Farming Boosts Biodiversity Which Enhances Productivity And Resilience And Contributes To A Healthy Farming System. Conventional Farming Systems Use Mono Cropping That Destroys The Soil Fertility.